Sudan, officially the Republic of the Sudan is an Arab state in the Nile Valley of North Africa, bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest,Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. The Nile River divides the country into eastern and western halves. Its predominant religion is Islam. Almost one-fifth of Sudan's population lives below the international poverty line which means living on less than US $1.25 per day.

Sudan was the largest country in Africa and the Arab World until 2011, when South Sudan separated into an independent country, following an independence referendum. Sudan is now the third largest country in Africa, afterAlgeria and Democratic Republic of the Congo and also the third largest country in the Arab World, after Algeria andSaudi Arabia.

Capital Khartoum
Official languages Arabic, English
Religion Sunni Muslim, indigenous beliefs, Christian
Area 1,886,068 km2
728,215 sq mi
Population 30,894,000
GDP (Per Capita) $2,657.925
Currency Sudanese pound (SDG)