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DR. APJ ABDUL KALAM SPEECH
 

     Address and Interaction with the students of Sambhram Group of Institutions

                                                   Technology empowers the societies
                                 Knowledge is powered by Technology and innovation

 

Dear friends, when I see you young friends, I thought of sharing an ancient poem and modified to suit the occasion.

                                                                            Wings to Fly

                                                                  I am born with potential.
                                                         I am born with goodness and trust.
                                                          I am born with ideas and dreams.
                                                                 I am born with greatness.
                                                                 I am born with confidence.
                                                                     I am born with wings.
                                                               I am not meant for crawling,
                                                                  So I won’t, I have wings,
                                                                        I will fly, fly and fly”

 

           My message to you, young friends, is that education gives you wings to fly. Achievement comes out of fire in our sub-conscious mind that “I will win”.  So, each one of you assembled here and elsewhere, will have “Wings of Fire”. The Wing of Fire will indeed lead to knowledge which will make you to fly as a Doctor, or an Engineer, or a scientist, or a teacher, or a political leader, or a bureaucrat or a diplomat or anything you want to be.

          I am delighted to address and interact with students of Sambhram Group of Institutions, at Bangalore. I am very happy to know that Sambhram Work oriented education combined with ethical values and character building. My greetings to all of you. Friends, I would like to share few thoughts on the topic Technology empowers the societies.


Research - Teaching - Research


          Friends, Good teaching emanates from Research. The teachers’ love for research and their experience in research are vital for the growth of the institution. Any institution is judged by the level and extent of the research work it accomplishes. This sets in a regenerative cycle of excellence. Experience of research leads to quality teaching and quality teaching imparted to the young in turn enriches the research. The campus dynamics needs such type of research teaching research environment.
         Technology is the non-linear tool available to humanity, which can affect fundamental changes in the ground rules of economic competitiveness. Science is linked to technology through applications. Technology is linked to economy and environment through manufacture of knowledge products. Economy and environment are linked to technology, which promotes prosperity to the society.   We have to use innovation to generate high value added products for becoming a global player. The foundation for academic excellence is the research.

 

Culture for excellence


         Friends, science lead to a culture of excellence. Excellence is not by accident. It is a process, where an individual continuously strives to better oneself. The performance standards are set by yourself, you work on your dreams with focus and are prepared to take calculated risks and you do not get deterred by failures. As you move towards your dreams, you step up the targets and try to reach higher and higher. When you strive to work to realize your potential, in the process, you will increase your performance. At all times you are not in competition with anyone else, but your own self. This is the culture of excellence. I am sure; Sambhram Group of Institutions is being built with technology focus based on innovation and excellence which are crucial for research. 
         Friends, I would like to share an experience, how my professor during my engineering education made us to design low level attack aircraft. By this project students acquired experience of system design, system integration and system management.

Learning integrated system design

         I was assigned a project to design a low-level attack aircraft together with five other colleagues.  I was given the responsibility of system design and system integration by integrating other team members.  Also, I was responsible for aerodynamic and structural design of the project. The other five of my team took up the design of propulsion, control, guidance, avionics and instrumentation of the aircraft.  My design teacher Prof. Srinivasan, the then Director of MIT (Madras Institute of Technology), was our guide. He reviewed the project and declared my work to be gloomy and disappointing. He didn’t lend an ear to my difficulties in bringing together data base from multiple designers. I asked for a month’s time to complete the task, since I had to get the inputs from five of my colleagues without which I cannot complete the system design. Prof. Srinivasan told me "Look, young man, today is Friday afternoon. I give you three days time. By Monday morning, if I don’t get the configuration design, your scholarship will be stopped." I had a jolt in my life, as scholarship was my lifeline, without which I cannot continue with my studies. There was no other way out but to finish the task. My team felt the need for working together round the clock. We didn’t sleep that night, working on the drawing board skipping our dinner. On Saturday, I took just an hour’s break. On Sunday morning, I was near completion, when I felt someone’s presence in my laboratory. It was Prof. Srinivasan studying my progress. After looking at my work, he patted and hugged me affectionately. He had words of appreciation: "I knew I was putting you under stress and asking you to meet a difficult deadline. You have done great job in system design”.

         Through this review mechanism Prof Srinivasan, really injected the necessity of understanding the value of time by each team member and brought out engineering education has to lead system design, system integration and system management. I realized that if something is at stake, the human minds get ignited and the working capacity gets enhanced manifold. That’s what exactly happened. This is one of the techniques of building talent. The message is that young in the organization, whatever is their specialization, be trained to systems approach and projects, which will prepare them for new products, innovation and undertaking higher organizational responsibilities.
         Friends, you should get ready to acquire knowledge in an integrated way for using multiple disciplines towards product development and its management, right from the undergraduate engineering programme.  I am sure Sambhram Group of Institutions is facilitating such inter-disciplinary projects experience to all the students. 
         Friends, now let us study convergence of technology and the linkage to science is reciprocating.

Convergence of Technologies

         Friends, the information technology and communication technology have already converged leading to Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Information Technology combined with bio-technology has led to bio-informatics. Similarly, Photonics is grown out from the labs to converge with classical Electronics and Microelectronics to bring in new high speed options in consumer products. Flexible and unbreakable displays using thin layer of film on transparent polymers have emerged as new symbols of entertainment and media tools. Now, nanotechnology has come in. It is the field of the future that will replace microelectronics and many fields with tremendous application potential in the areas of medicine, electronics and material science.

        When Nano technology and ICT meet, integrated silicon electronics, photonics are born and it can be said that material convergence will happen. With material convergence and biotechnology linked, a new science called Intelligent Bioscience will be born which would lead to a disease free, happy and more intelligent human habitat with longevity and high human capabilities.  Convergence of bio-nano-info technologies can lead to the development of nano robots.

         When Nano robots are injected into a patient, my expert friends say, it will diagnose and deliver the treatment exclusively in the affected area and then the nano-robot gets digested as it is a DNA based product.  I saw the product sample in one of the labs in South Korea where best of minds with multiple technology work with a target of finding out of the box solution.

         Science is reciprocating: Let me give an example. Recently, I was in the Harvard University where I visited laboratories of many eminent professors from the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences. I recall, how Professor Hongkun Park, showed me his invention of nano needles, which can pierce and deliver content into individual targeted cells. That’s how nano particle sciences is shaping the bio sciences. Then I met Professor Vinod Manoharan, who showed on the other hand bio sciences are in turn shaping nano material science as well. He is using DNA material to design self assembling particles. When particular type of DNA is applied on a particle at the atomic level, he is able to generate a prefixed behavior and automatic assembly from them. This could be our answer to self assembly of devices and colonies in deep space without human intervention as envisioned by Dr K Erik Drexler. Thus, within a single research building, I saw how two different sciences are shaping each other without any iron curtain between the technologists. This reciprocating contribution of sciences to one another is going to shape our future and industry needs to be ready for it. Friends are you ready to bring down the iron curtain existing between various technological groups.

         Now, a new trend is emerging.The aspect being introduced is that of Ecology. Globally, the demand is shifting towards development of sustainable systems which are technologically superior. This is the new dimension of the 21st century knowledge society, where science, technology and environment will have to go together. Thus, the new age model would be a four dimensional bio-nano-info-eco based.  I am sure the education system in Sambhram Group of Institutions is concentrating to build the curriculum which will emphasis the convergence of technologies and remove the inter-disciplinary barriers.

         Friends, now, let me describe my visualization of the distinctive profile of India by 2020.

Distinctive Profile of India by 2020

  • A Nation where the rural and urban divide has reduced to a thin line.
  • A Nation where there is an equitable distribution and adequate access to energy and quality water.
  • A Nation where agriculture, industry and service sector work together in symphony.
  • A Nation where education with value system is not denied to any meritorious candidates because of societal or economic discrimination.
  • A Nation, which is the best destination for the most talented scholars, scientists, and investors.
  • A Nation where the best of health care is available to all.
  • A Nation where the governance is responsive, transparent and corruption free.
  • A Nation where poverty has been totally eradicated, illiteracy removed and crimes against women and children are absent and none in the society feels alienated.
  • A Nation that is prosperous, healthy, secure, devoid of terrorism, peaceful and happy and continues with a sustainable growth path.
  • A Nation that is one of the best places to live in and is proud of its leadership.

Integrated Action for developed India

         To achieve the distinctive profile of India, we have the mission of transforming India into a developed nation. We have identified five areas where India has a core competence for integrated action: (1) Agriculture and food processing (2) Reliable and Quality Electric power, Surface transport and Infrastructure for all parts of the country. (3) Education and Healthcare (4) Information and Communication Technology (5) Self-reliance in critical technologies. These five areas are closely inter-related and if progressed in a coordinated way, will lead to food, economic and national security.

PURA as a sustainable development system

        One of the key requirements towards achieving the distinctive profile of the nation would be the creation of sustainable enterprise driven models at the rural levels. One such system which I suggest is PURA (Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas). It is the creation of Physical, Electronic, Knowledge connectivities leading to the Economic Connectivity of the rural region. With this combined and planned intervention of infrastructure, digital technology, information and enterprise, we can select a cluster of about 20 to 50 villages, which share core competencies and empower those using local enterprises. I would like to suggest here, that the Sambhram Group of Institutions may like to pursue the implementation of one such PURA Complex covering around 50 to 100 villages on the outskirts of Bangalore utilizing the potential of the youth of this college. This PURA will be called as SB PURA which would empower local villages in this region. This work on PURA will facilitate faculty, Students intensive programme in rural societal transformation.

National economic development and creative leadership

         Now let me discuss the linkage between national economic development and creative leadership.

  • A nation’s Economic development is powered by competitiveness.
  • Competitiveness is powered by knowledge power.
  • Knowledge power is powered by Technology and innovation.
  • Technology and innovation is powered by resource investment.
  • Resource investment is powered by return on Investment.
  • Return on investment is powered by revenue.
  • Revenue is powered by Volume and repeat sales.
  • Volume and repeat sales is powered by customer loyalty.
  • Customer loyalty is powered by Quality and value of products.
  • Quality and value of products is powered by Employee Productivity and innovation.
  • Employee Productivity is powered by Employee Loyalty.
  •  Employee Loyalty is powered by employee satisfaction.
  • Employee satisfaction is powered by working environment.
  • Working Environment is powered by management innovation.
  • Management innovation is powered by Creative leadership.

          For success in all the missions, it is essential to have creative leaders. Creative leadership means, exercising the vision to change the traditional role from the commander to the coach, manager to mentor, from director to delegator and from one who demands respect to one who facilitates self-respect. For enhancing enterprise value, we need the large number of creative leaders. 

Conclusion

         Since I am in the midst of young future professionals, I would like to put-forth a thought: What would you like to be remembered for? You have to evolve yourself and shape your life.  You should write it on a page. That page may be a very important page in the book of human history.  And you will be remembered for creating that one page in the history of the nation – whether that page is the page of evolution of a new technological systems, the page of innovation in a way of working, or the page of creating action oriented missions for the people or the page of triumphing over diseases which have afflicted humanity for ages, or the page of contributing towards inclusive growth of the nation in a time bound manner.

 You can write your views on this question and mail it to me apj@abdulkalam.com


        My best wishes to all the students of Sambhram Group of Institutions success in their endeavours.
        May God bless you.

Oath for Students

  • Technology is a life time mission. I will work, work and work and succeed.
  • Wherever I am, a thought will always come to my mind. That is what process or product I can innovate, invent or discover.
  • I will always remember that “Let not my winged days, be spent in vain”.
  • I realize I have to set a great technological goal that will lead me to think high, work and persevere to realize the goal. 
  • My greatest friends will be great scientific and technological minds, good teachers and good books.
  • I firmly believe that no problem can defeat me; I will become the captain of the problem, defeat the problem and succeed.
  • I will work and work for removing the problems faced by planet earth in the areas of water, energy, habitat, waste management and environment through the application of engineering and technology.   
  • I will work for making the city or town, where I work as a carbon neutral city or town. 
  • My National Flag flies in my heart and I will bring glory to my nation.
  1. Questions
  • Poornima, Ist year MBA – Why wealth concentrated on few hands – poorer becomes poorer? Ans: Work, Work and Work…
  • Something were went wrong – PURA has not become success. How can as a youth can join you to work or revive PURA?
  • Kindly describe your journey in life so far?
  • Anilkumar – Alumni of Sambhram Group of  Institutions, Mechanical Engineer – Currently working in Sesna Aircraft. What was your role in designing low level attack aircraft?
  • Why are we lacking in research – India’s Global Innovation Index 69.. when we had baskaracharya,  Ramanjuam, Sir CV Raman?